Directions by car. Vallcebre and Saldes Gósol


This route by car, travel through rocks

GARONNE, Traffic between the eras secondary and tertiary,

and the massif of Pedraforca, much older.

Since Vallcebre, exit toward Saldes, stop at

No Deig the lookout and make a small detour

until the source of the Cavern.

We also stop at the lookout to see Maçaners

structure and geological history of Pedraforca, Mountain

where we singular stops to reach


Centre Park

c / Vine, 1 08695 Bagà

Such. 93 824 41 51

a / e

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Karstification is the process by which they limestone

dissolving in contact with rainwater that infiltrates the subsoil

through fissures. When the water level reaches an impermeable

where you can download more, form a flooded area pot sortir

a la surface with surgencia font.

  1. Vallcebre. Amidst the wide Vallcebre syncline

and very close to the old coal mines open end-

goals-Vallcebre, where the set of fossils from the area

Fumanya, site of the largest dinosaur footprints

Europe at the end of the Cretaceous period, ara fa 70 million years,

just before being extinguished. We leave the road

north for a few kilometers until you reach the lookout.

  1. Mirador de Cap Dough. Located just above the so-called

Vallcebre limestones, white and much tougher

the materials that surround, quality that makes them stand out

in the landscape. This limestone layer, d'us 40 meters thick,

Vallcebre is called the bluff surrounding the plateau where

is a village. This ring-shaped due to its

available in a synclinal fold, in other words that is, U-shaped.

  1. Drilled. Continue on the road until the crossroads

down towards the Collet, until a gorge called

Drilled, where we can closely observe limestones

cliff and less red mudstones Garumnià, outcropping just

under. Carstificades are limestone and water that collects

Vallcebre basin appears just as the contact source

with impermeable rocks, with such can observe it

source side of the road.

  1. Viewpoint Maçaners. Al PK 12,3 the road to

Saldes. Here we see the consequences of the uprising

Pyrenees during the clash between the Iberian and European plates, i com

rocks were folded and piled in a mantles


On the right, the layers of the Sierra del Cadi, mainly composed of

Eocene limestone (tertiary, deposited ago 45

million years), are inclined towards the south and below the sink

Pedraforca Massif.

Al mig, Pedraforca massif consists of two main areas,

on the one hand the peaks are formed by limestone and marl

Early Cretaceous (d'us 110 Ma old), and all the other

solid base, formed by Cretaceous limestones (us

70 Ma) and loams and clays Garumnià.

In this small space can see the three units Geologically-

cal. On the right, the mantle of Cadi, on which is placed

lower mantle of Pedraforca, top, that the two peaks

forming the upper mantle of Pedraforca.

The fact that the oldest rocks are top, and more

youth base, is caused by tectonic compression that

raised the Pyrenees and piled several mantles landslide

on top of each other. All Vallcebre syncline and

Garumnià units are part of the lower mantle of Pedraforca,

which occupies much of the mountains of the Alt Berguedà.

Following towards Gósol, al PK 17,2 we see

Garumnià gray carbonaceous layers full of fossils of bivalves

freshwater plant remains (5), and the neck of the Trappist

(6) the former opencast coal mine and contact between

two mantles Pedraforca. If ens hi acostéssim, would see

as Early Cretaceous limestones are located above

materials garumnians.

In the recreation area of ​​the Plana del Reig (7) see rocks

red arranged horizontally, are conglomerates

Neck Trappist, deposited after the movement


  1. Choose from Hippurittes. Al PK 21,7 There is a sharp bend to the

right with good outcrop Hippurites, about fossils

we see in life position forming a reef. can

stopped the car about 100 meters ahead, a l'esquerra. Is

This large reef fossils formed by elongated

i as banya, with a length that can exceed

the 30 cm and a diameter between 7 i 10 cm. These bivalves

the order of rudists, an order that became extinct at the end

Secondary era, like dinosaurs, fa us 65 millions


9 Gósol, Roser viewpoint. Des d'here highlights the torrent of

Rubinat, going down the neck of Verdet, and the vast alluvial fan

that reaches the village of Gósol. the fans

• the alluvial like this are formed by the accumulation of sediments

transported by rivers from upstream